Here’s another post from the “Breed Introduction” series! Today we’ll be introducing the French Bulldog also know as a Frenchie. These adorable pups have people very popular recently but there are a few things you should know about them before considering adoption or buying from a breeder.
French bulldogs are a domestic breed which was created by crossing bulldog ancestors in England with popular ratters in France in the 1800s. Bulldogs were very popular in the past, especially in Western Europe. One of its ancestors was the English bulldog. Americans had been importing French Bulldogs for a while, but it was not until 1885 when they were brought over in order to set up an American-based breeding program. They were mostly owned by society ladies, who first displayed them at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1896.
Just like most domestic dogs, Frenchies require a lot of attention from their owners and shouldn’t be left alone for long hours. They have fairly minimal exercise needs but do require at least daily short walks. The French Bulldog is sometimes called “Frog dog” or a “Clown dog”. Frog dog is in reference to the unique way they sit with hind legs spread out. They have a single short coat which means they can become cold very easily. They are very delicate when it comes to extreme temperatures and also shouldn’t be flown in cargo. French bulldogs can also suffer from an assortment of back, disk and spinal diseases and disorders as well as eye issues. All of these disorders should be taken into consideration before becoming an owner! You should also know that they are very happy, friendly, compassionate and patient dogs. When it comes to coat colours, acceptable colours under the breed standard are the various shades of brindle, fawn, tan or white with brindle patches (known as “pied”). You can find much more information online but here are just a few things that are worth knowing before thinking about adding a Frenchie to your family!
Leave a comment telling me what breed we should introduce next!
How many times have dogs helped society in any type of situation? Try to think how many times he risks his life to save us! Today I would like talk about rescue dogs to thank them for helping us in dangerous situations we find ourselves!
So, we could continue to speak about his very important task but I’m going to explain to you how training rescue dogs takes place.
There are only three requirements to become a rescue dog:
– a strong build and personality: to operate in any type of situation, atmospheric condition and task – a good feeling with his owner: to obtain the total obedience of the dog. – time: to create the good feeling between dog and owner.
The training of the rescue dog starts when the dog is 4-5 months. The first period is personality’s education. The main activity of this phase is playing because he can socialize with others people and others places.
The second stage is obedience to commands. Starting with “sit”, “on the floor” and “come here” until more difficult. The third step is emotional and mental preparation. This stage happens in a gym and is composed by exercise that allows him to face any type of dangerous situation. The last education phase is searching for missingpeople thanks to their nose.
So, behind a dog rescue, there is a lot of work but the most important things are surely the love and the confidence that the owner shows them!
Don’t forget, he’ll never betray you!
Today I would like to start a series called “Breed Introduction” where each post will allow you to meet a different breed. Many of us like certain breeds based on their appearance but aren’t sure if they are the right dog for us. These posts should help you find the perfect dog for your family. Today we’ll be introducing the Great Dane which is my personal favorite.
The Great Dane is one of the biggest breeds in the world, adult males weigh up to 90 kilograms! That’s more than a typical grown man! Of course, not all great danes are as heavy, females weigh between 45-60 kg and males from 55-99kg. Their height ranges between 70 and 90cm and their life span usually reaches 10 years. Sadly these amazing creatures are prone to gastric torsion, hip dysplasia, and rheumatism based on their anatomy, which means we might have to run to the ER and hope for the best.
Great Danes are also known as the Apollo of Dogs and Gentle Giants. The German name of the breed is Deutsche Dogge or German Mastiff. Just like their nickname says, they are gentle dogs often seeking physical affection with their owners. They’re usually good with other dogs, families and other noncanine pets. However, if not properly socialized, a Great Dane may become fearful or aggressive towards new stimuli, such as strangers and new environments. It’s best to train with an expert from the early stages to eliminate unwanted behaviors in the future.
The next thing you should now is the variety of coats!
Fawn and brindle
Fawn: The color is yellow gold with a black mask. Black should appear on the eye rims and eyebrows and may appear on the ears.
Brindle: The color is fawn and black in a chevron stripe pattern. Often, also, they are referred to as having a stripe pattern.
Harlequin and black
Black: The color is a glossy black. White markings on the chest and toes are not desirable and considered faults.
Harlequin: The base color is pure white with black torn patches irregularly and well distributed over the entire body; a pure white neck is preferred. The black patches should never be large enough to give the appearance of a blanket, nor so small as to give a stippled or dappled effect. Eligible, but less desirable, are a few small gray patches (this gray is consistent with a merle marking) or a white base with single black hairs showing through, which tend to give a salt and pepper or dirty effect.
Gray merle (Grautiger) dogs are acceptable in conformation shows under the FCI as the gray merle dogs can produce correctly marked black/white harlequin dogs, depending on the combinations. The aim for deleting the colour gray merle as a disqualifying fault is to provide a wider gene pool. Their status is that they are “neither desirable nor to be disqualified”.Consequently, this color must never obtain the highest grading at dog shows.
Mantle – The color is black and white with a solid black blanket extending over the body; black skull with white muzzle; white blaze is optional; whole white collar preferred; a white chest; white on part or whole of forelegs and hind legs; white tipped black tail. A small white marking in the black blanket is acceptable, as is a break in the white collar.
Blue: The color is a pure steel blue. White markings on the chest and toes are not desirable and considered faults.
Other colors occur occasionally, but are not acceptable for conformation showing, and they are not pursued by breeders who intend to breed show dogs. These colors include white, fawnequin, brindlequin, merle, merlequin, blue merle, chocolate and fawn mantle. The white Great Dane coloring is typically associated with vision and hearing impairment.
It’s easy to tell that these huge teddy bears aren’t cheap pets. Maintaining a healthy diet tends to be expensive based on the ammount of food they eat. They need a normal amount of exercise and plenty of love from their owners!
I hope this post helped you learn a little bit about the breed! What dog should we talk about next?
Since we’ve started to talk about behavior problem in the last post, I’d like to continue the topic and talk about separation anxiety. This is a major behavioral problem which touches many dog owners.
What is separation anxiety? What causes it?
Separation anxiety is when dogs become triggered by being left alone. They are often afraid of being left by their pet parents or people they are attached to. Some pets may also show signs of anxiety when their owners are preparing to walk out the door. Many dogs start barking seconds after being left alone and often show distress behavior within a short period of time. These behaviors can often lead to self-harm and household destruction.
– Urinating and Defecating
– Barking and Loud Howling
– Chewing, Digging and Destruction
– Coprophagia – some dogs defecate and then consume their excrement
Treating separation anxiety
First of all, be sure to visit your vet and make sure that your dog is healthy. Once you’ve done a check up, you can try to begin treating your pet’s anxiety problems. I would recommend meeting with a specialist but you can it’s not necessary.
“If your dog has a mild case of separation anxiety, counterconditioning might reduce or resolve the problem. Counterconditioning is a treatment process that changes an animal’s fearful, anxious or aggressive reaction to a pleasant, relaxed one instead. It’s done by associating the sight or presence of a feared or disliked person, animal, place, object or situation with something really good, something the dog loves. Over time, the dog learns that whatever he fears actually predicts good things for him. For dogs with separation anxiety, counterconditioning focuses on developing an association between being alone and good things, like delicious food. To develop this kind of association, every time you leave the house, you can offer your dog a puzzle toy stuffed with food that will take him at least 20 to 30 minutes to finish.” – ASPCA
If your dog has a severe case of separation anxiety, it requires a more complex desensitization and counterconditioning program. I would recommend trying the counterconditioning program with the help of a specialist. We often do not understand all the signals that our pet is sending and may need someone, who can help us meet their needs. I would also try the “Crate Method” which requires you to teach your dog that the crate is it’s “safe place”. Crate training does not suit all dogs. You should definitely monitor your pup while being at home and be sure that it doesn’t show any signs of stress while being in the crate. Exercise and aerobics are also great for helping your pet relax. Be sure to take him for an intense walk, run or swim before leaving him alone. Your dog will come back tired and probably want to rest for a while. Play some relaxing music for pets and allow your beloved friend to relax and calm down after a physical effort. You can also read through the ASPCA article linked above for more tips given to you by professionals.
Many dog owners experience behavior problems based on aggression. Although many people think that these unexpected attacks aren’t based on the current situation, there are many occasions that cause unwanted behaviors.
Let’s learn about aggression.
1. What is it and what is it caused by?
Aggressive behaviors occur in various situations. Dogs are usually protecting their territory, defending their offspring or protecting themselves. Aggression is based on a wide range of behaviors which usually begin with a warning and can cumulate into an attack.
2. Do dogs warn us before attacking?
Many of our pets warn us before attacking. Here is the course of the attack beginning with warnings and ending with painful wounds.
– becoming very still and stressed
– lunging forward or charging at the target
– losing contact with the owner
– showing teeth
– quick and harmless nips
– quick bites that leave a mark
– bites with pressure that may cause bruising and punctured wounds
– repeated and rapid bites
Once we noticed that our pet is showing any signs of attack, we should try to calm him down and eliminate the situation that caused unwanted behavior.
3. Classifying aggressive behavior
Answer a few questions which will allow you to understand what really happened.
– When and where did the attack occur?
– What else was going on at the time?
– What had happened and who/what created a stressful situation?
– What seemed to stop the unwanted behavior?
An accurate diagnosis will help you to classify your dogs behaviors into the following categories.
Some dogs will attack and bite an intruder, whether the intruder is friend or foe.
Dogs may show aggressive behavior when they think that one of their family members or friends is in peril.
Many dogs show the tendency to guard their possessions from others, whether they need to or not.
A fearful dog may become aggressive if cornered or trapped.
Motivated by fear, defensively aggressive dogs decide that the best defense is a good offense.
A dog who perceives herself as high in status may show aggression toward family members.
A dog whos excited or aroused by something but is held back from approaching it can become aggressive.
Redirected aggression occurs when a dog is aroused by or displays aggression toward a person or animal, and someone else interferes.
An otherwise gentle, friendly dog can behave aggressively when in pain.Expand to read more Sex-Related Aggression
Intact male dogs will still vie for the attention of females in heat, and females will still compete for access to a male.
Some pet dogs show classic canine predatory behaviors, including chasing and grabbing fast-moving things.
4. Can aggression be cured?
I came across and article from the ASPCA which inspired me to write this post and they’ve nailed the answer to this question.
“Pet parents of aggressive dogs often ask whether they can ever be sure that their dog is cured. Taking into account the behavior modification techniques that affect aggression, our current understanding is that the incidence and frequency of some types of aggression can be reduced and sometimes eliminated. However, theres no guarantee that an aggressive dog can be completely cured. In many cases, the only solution is to manage the problem by limiting a dogs exposure to the situations, people or things that trigger her aggression. Theres always risk when dealing with an aggressive dog. Pet parents are responsible for their dogs behavior and must take precautions to ensure that no ones harmed. Even if a dog has been well behaved for years, its not possible to predict when all the necessary circumstances might come together to create the perfect storm that triggers her aggression. Dogs who have a history of resorting to aggression as a way of dealing with stressful situations can fall back on that strategy. Pet parents of aggressive dogs should be prudent and always assume that their dog is NOT cured so that they never let down their guard.”
I also highly recommend to work with a behavior specialist, or trainer who can help decrease unwanted behavior and possibly “cure” your dog. Just like the quote written above says, you can never let your guard down even if there are no signs of aggression for years. You never know when someone/something triggers your pet.
I really hope that this post helped you understand you pet more! The next post will include tips on training your dogs and help them to live happy lives!